Created by pastorbuddy on 3/12/2009


THE SECOND PASSOVERThe Second Passover is a little known feast of the Old Testament. It was implemented by Moses at the request of certain obedient Israelites who did not want to miss the important celebration of Passover itself. They had been ceremonially unclean at first Passover and inquired as to whether or not they could still partake of the feast. The Biblical story occurs in Numbers 9:1-14 and should be read now. This passage contains important clues concerning who should partake of Second Passover today, namely those who understand that they ARE IN A FAR JOURNEY OR live in the perpetual state of being defiled by a dead body, by a carnal nature.Passover itself is really the preeminent feast of those who seek to overcome. The feast prophesied the sacrifice and crucifixion of Yahweh-savior  whereby His blood redeems Adam kind from the curse of death, allowing the angel of death to “pass over” us so that we can live in Yah’s presence. This is why yah commanded Israel in the days of Moses to place the blood of a lamb on their door posts and lintels. The Passover lambs were effective for the forgiveness of sins and the passing over of the death angel because their blood represented the blood of the Lamb of el, Yahweh Himself.

Yet, there is an important mystery hidden in the Second Passover. That feast relates to prophetic truth beyond our spiritual redemption in Yahweh shua. I can only find one instance other than the one above in Numbers 9 of an observance of Second Passover in all of Scripture. This is the account of Second Passover celebrated by King Hezekiah of Judah in 2 Chronicles 30. I urge you to read that entire chapter now and again when you finish this article because the whole passage deals with Hezekiah’s keeping of the Second Passover and includes many important prophetic truths.

The Biblical account of Hezekiah in 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles, and Isaiah carries an Overcomer, or Sons of yah, theme. The best place to gain an understanding of the Overcomers is in the second and third chapters of Revelation in the letters to the seven churches. Clearly messiah wrote those letters to Christians who were members of those churches. He makes it clear throughout these letters that only a small group of these congregations, a “remnant,” would ever qualify as Overcomers and thus partake of the rule and reign of His coming Kingdom. Many of his parables in the Gospels include this theme. The idea of an Overcomer as a specific type of believer is found throughout Scripture, Old and New Testaments. I cannot dwell more upon this idea here.

We see the Overcomer theme in the story of Hezekiah in quite a few verses. First, Hezekiah was an obedient believer according to 2 Kings 18:3-6. Second, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, threatens to destroy Hezekiah and all of Judah, Hezekiah seeks Yahweh and He answers through His prophet Isaiah. Isaiah brings a word to Hezekiah prophesying Sennacherib’s destruction. See Isaiah 37:21-38. Part of this prophecy includes the following sign given to Hezekiah:

(Isa 37:30-32 NKJV) {30} “This shall be a sign to you: You shall eat this year such as grows of itself, And the second year what springs from the same; Also in the third year sow and reap, Plant vineyards and eat the fruit of them. {31} And the remnant who have escaped of the house of Judah Shall again take root downward, And bear fruit upward. {32} For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, And those who escape from Mount Zion. The zeal of  Yahweh of hosts will do this.”By comparing verse 30 above with Leviticus 25:11, we see that Yahweh here gives Hezekiah a jubilee sign. Israel was to neither sow nor reap each fiftieth year. The key aspect of the jubilee is found in Leviticus 25:13 where yah commands that in the 50th year “each of you shall return to his possession.” In the natural this meant that no man could lose his land, or real estate, forever. Prophetically, it means that mankind’s spiritual possession, his glorified body, will be restored to him on some future jubilee. Also, note the “remnant” theme here in Isaiah 37:31-32.Now it so happened that Hezekiah almost died of an infectious boil just after this mighty deliverance from the hand of Sennacherib. Isaiah tells the king to prepare his house for he is going to die. Hezekiah prays for his life, however, and Yahweh grants him an additional fifteen years. This is interesting for many reasons. One is that it fits in with the sign given above. Up to this time Hezekiah was childless. The line of David would possibly have ended if Hezekiah had died from his boil. The sign above, however, states that in the third year from the time of the prophecy, Hezekiah should sow and reap. Well, he did exactly that. In the third year thereafter his wife, Hephzibah, conceived.

Hephzibah is a prophetic name we also find in Isaiah 62:4 and speaks of the Bride of messiah. At the end of this third year, his son, Manasseh, was born. Manasseh, of course, is the name of Joseph’s son who, according to 1 Chronicles 5:1, received “the birthright,” i.e. the Kingdom. The birth of Manasseh thus speaks of sonship and the inheritance of the birthright. This relates to ruling and reigning with Christ in His Kingdom. Thus we see that the story of Hezekiah prophetically speaks of the “Sons of yah,” the Overcomers. It concerns our time today.

Now remember that it is Hezekiah who partakes of the second Passover and that he is the only person ever mentioned by name as having celebrated this feast. This uniquely relates the second Passover to the Overcomers. Also, since Hezekiah deals with a jubilee theme, this means that the second Passover also prophesies the glorification of the Sons of yahweh, that event that we have come to call “the sons of the most high. melchizedek”

On the other hand, I see that Josiah, who faithfully kept the first Passover in 2 Chronicles 35:1, represents a faithful, but late-blooming hebrew. Notice that he is not even aware of yahs Law until the 18th year of his 31 year ministry as king. When he does find the Law he obeys, but by then yahweh says that it is too late to avert His judgment upon his kingdom. I believe the same thing applies to our day. Most Christians have still not found yahweh’s Law. They misuse yahweh’s grace as a license to sin and call any use of yah’s Law “legalism.” They write books that undermine yah’s Law and  words

. Christians’ repudiation of the words and law of the messiah have led to the current “leavened” state of all the world, leavened by sin and false doctrine. It is too late now to avert yah’s judgment upon this “Mystery Babylon,” mankind’s governments and institutions. The time is late. A few saint’s, like Josiah did, are beginning to obey yahweh’s word. They are finding His Law. But, according to Matthew 25 we know that at some point there is no longer time to buy enough oil to qualify as a wise virgin and enter the wedding feast. I think the 1st passover Josiah kept represents this.

We may already have entered this late time, but only yahweh  knows who qualifies as a wise virgin and who does not. Josiah represents Christians who will not be counted as Overcomers, who will not receive their glorified bodies at the first resurrection.  and will not be allowed to minister yah’s truth in their natural bodies in the Kingdom Age. They will not live, but they will shall die. but to those that have solved the mystery of the second passover is the promise given, Isaiah describes as follows:

(Isa 65:18-25 NKJV) {18} But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create; For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing, And her people a joy. {19} I will rejoice in Jerusalem, And joy in My people; The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her, Nor the voice of crying. {20} “No more shall an infant from there live but a few days, Nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days; For the child shall die one hundred years old, But the sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed. {21} They shall build houses and inhabit them; They shall plant vineyards and eat their fruit. {22} They shall not build and another inhabit; They shall not plant and another eat; For as the days of a tree, so shall be the days of My people, And My elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. {23} They shall not labor in vain, Nor bring forth children for trouble; For they shall be the descendants of the blessed of the LORD, And their offspring with them. {24} “It shall come to pass That before they call, I will answer; And while they are still speaking, I will hear. {25} The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, The lion shall eat straw like the ox, And dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,” Says yahweh.Josiah, like all Christians, partook of the first Passover, not the second. This is the only recorded Passover observed by a king of Israel or Judah. The first Passover, of which all believers partake, is the Passover of spiritual death. this  represents our spiritual rebirth. The death angel passes over us so that we do not die forever. In the natural, in Exodus, the death angel passed over the first born who partook of the Passover. The Egyptians did not partake of this Passover. Therefore, all of their firstborn died.

The second Passover, however, prophesies a different type of “pass over.” It is that represented by yahweh’s parable in Matthew 24:37-51. The interpretation of the one taken and the one left really does not matter here. I have heard various speakers refer to one or the other, the one left or the one taken, as referring to the chosen. The point is that at the second Passover, the ones who are not Overcomers shall be passed over, in a seeming reversal of the first Passover. The Overcomers, or first born of the Sons of God will be chosen to rule and reign with Christ. “Many are called, but few are chosen.” Thus the remnant, the Overcomers, the Sons of God, the first born, will partake of the second Passover in the sense that they will be chosen as such at the time of the prophetic fulfillment of this feast.

There is one other interesting point related to the second Passover. According to Leviticus 23:10-11 the priest was to wave a sheaf of the firstfruits of harvest of barley unto yahweh. This occurred on the “morrow after the Sabbath” during the “feast of unleavened bread” celebrated for seven days after Passover. 2 Chronicles 30 makes it clear that the feast of unleavened bread is also celebrated at Second Passover. Since the Jews measure time in lunar months, it so happens that every few years a month has to be added to the calendar to keep the months aligned with the seasons. They use the degree of maturity of the barley crop to determine when to add a month. If the barley will not be ripe for the Passover of the first month, then a thirteenth month is added to the year.

In essence, this pushes the Passover off to the second month of the new year (although it actually becomes the first month since a thirteenth month was added to the old year). My point is that this practice becomes a type of celebrating the second Passover and the reason for doing so is to ensure that the barley will be ripe for the wave sheaf offering. A careful reading of Scripture shows that barley is often associated with Overcomer themes, thus making barley itself a type of the Overcomer. The prophetic fulfillment of the second Passover, therefore, will occur when the barley is ripe, when the Overcomes will receive their glorified bodies and begin to rule and reign with yahweh.

the new testement is clear that the messiah himself did not die in the frist passover but did in fact die on the second passover. lets see if that is so as we study the word of those that were present at the frist passover as they plotted to kill him in the passover season.

In John’s gospel, chapter 11, we find yahweh-shua’s arrival in Bethany, a small village near Jerusalem, where he came to the sisters Mary and Martha who are grieving the death of their brother Lazarus that took place four days prior.  yahweh-shua had delayed his arrival in Bethany so that His raising of Lazarus from the dead would serve to glorify God and reveal who He was.  The time is now getting critical in yahweh-shua’s ministry.  For three years he has taught yah’s purpose throughout the region of Judea.  Though yahweh-shua’s ministry was centered around Capernaum, yahweh-shua visited Jerusalem during the feasts.  His close proximity with the Jewish leadership engendered conflict on each of these visits as the messiah truth taught a gospel of love and grace that refuted the legalistic and condemning practice of the Jewish leaders.  These leaders saw this self proclamied messiah as an uneducated cult leader who was leading people away from the Jewish law and out from under their authority.  They interpreted his theology as capital blasphemy worthy of death.  Consequently, each time we see an encounter between the messiah and the Jewish leadership we see such conflict, and the leadership retreats and rebuilds their capital case against Him hoping to put him to death.

Chapter 12 of john finds  the messiah still in the home of his friends Lazarus, Mary, and Martha in Bethany.  he is making preparations for his last entrance in to Jerusalem as He will be taking part in another Passover feast.

John 12:1-2.

Then Jesus six days before the Passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 2There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

The scripture does not record any of the conversations between Jesus and Lazarus’ family in the days following the raising of Lazarus from the dead, but one can only imagine the joy that was felt by Mary and Martha as the grief of their brother’s death and the hopelessness of their future instantly vanished at his resurrection.  As Mary and Martha saw their future restored and were thinking about the things that they would do, Lazarus had the unusual opportunity to do the same.  As each is sharing about their future, Jesus knew clearly what the nature of His future on earth would be:  He would be captured by the religious leadership that sought Him, and he would suffer a tortuous death.  The range of emotions present at this time would be extreme.

John 12:3.

Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odor of the ointment.

Mary’s gesture of love is curious.  The imported oil that Mary used would have cost about 300 denarii, about a year’s wages for an average workman.  Because of its value and small size, many kept such oils as an investment that could be sold quickly when cash is needed.  As Jesus was reclined at the table, in the manner of first-century custom, His feet would be quite accessible.  Mary wanted to show her love and gratitude to Jesus for His part in the restoration of the life of her brother, so she took her vial of oil, opened it, and anointed Jesus’ feet with it.  Foot washing was a common practice in their culture, as people wore sandals as they traveled in the dusty streets.  The lowest servant would draw the task of washing the feet of guests.  Mary’s gesture goes far beyond even this ritual in its humility and expression of love.  Jesus’ feet would have already have been washed as He entered the home.  Now, Mary uses this every expensive oil to cleanse His feet.  The aroma of the oil would fill the entire room, and all who were present would witness this act of love and humility.

The oil that Mary applied to Jesus’ feet is also used to anoint the body of one who had died as they prepare it for burial.  It is unclear if Mary yet knew that Jesus was about to die, and within the context of her witness of the raising of her brother, it is quite doubtful that the idea entered her mind.  Mary would not have known the significance of her anointing of Jesus in the context of His coming death on the cross of Calvary.  Still, her expression of love was profoundly generous, and would have been noticed by all who were in the house.

John 12:4-6.

Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, which should betray him, 5Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

Not everyone in the room was appreciative of Mary’s gesture.  Jesus knew Judas’ nature, and his upcoming act of betrayal (John 6:70).  What Judas lacked in an appreciation for human need he gained in his desire for financial success.  His interest in things financial gained him the task of holding and managing the treasury of Jesus and the apostles.  This close proximity to their money was a temptation that Judas was not wanton to overcome:  he helped himself to the contents of the bag at his own pleasure.  This act characterized Judas as a thief.  Judas’ concern for the expenditure of the oil was not related to its application to help the poor.  If the spikenard were to be sold, it would have added a year’s wages to his moneybag, providing him with more funds from which to pilfer.

John 12:7-8.

Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this. 8For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

Jesus’ statement clearly delineates the contrast between Mary’s devotion to Jesus and that of Judas.  Jesus’ statement may have even surprised Mary as He stated that what Mary had just done served a specific purpose:  to prepare Him for His upcoming death.  There is little question that with the cross of Calvary looming so near, Jesus’ mind was focused on it.  As Mary anointed Jesus’ feet He would have immediately recognized the appropriateness of her act, and at this first opportunity to speak, Jesus shared this with others.  Jesus’ was not making a disparaging statement about the poor, but rather than pointing out to Judas that if he really wanted to help the poor he could have been doing so at any time before, and will be able to continue doing so for as long as he walks the earth.  Judas’ lack of concern for the poor is clearly exposed.  Jesus then reveals the brevity of His own presence.  Though the poor will always be around, He will not.  Jesus told the people in the room that He would be dying sooner than they.  Little did they understand at this point, that Jesus was speaking of the events that would take place within a week, and little did Judas know that he would survive little longer when the consequences of his greed would devour him.

John 12:9-11.

Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus’ sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. 10But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;11Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

The crowd that gathered at this time at this home in Bethany had come, not only to see Jesus, but to see Lazarus.  People had heard and witnessed Jesus’ power to heal, and many came to meet and speak to Lazarus.  Even today, if one were to return from the dead as some claim to have done, people will seek to learn through that experience and the survivor will be afforded a lot of attention.  This further inflamed the crisis that was brewing in the Jewish leadership.  They were witnessing more and more people coming to Jesus and his ‘blasphemous” doctrine.  Before Jesus came they were the proud carriers of the faith and were in total control of Jewish religion, culture, and teaching.  they were the center of their religious universe.  Jesus had severely eroded that position of power, and this event in Bethany only served to turn more people away from them.  At the rate that they saw their influence eroding and it was only a matter of time before they felt they would be completely overthrown.  Now they were faced with this man, Lazarus, who was giving a powerful testimony in support of Jesus, and he was bringing as many followers to Jesus this day, as Jesus was attaining Himself!  The religious leaders realized that the only way to quiet Lazarus would be to kill him, so they conspired amongst themselves as to how they would go about it.  One can only imagine the conversation among these religious leaders as they tried to figure out how to kill someone who had already died once before!  Surely, Jesus would just raise him from the dead again.  Certainly, they faced a most unusual dilemma, one for which they would shortly find a solution.

John 12:12-13.

On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

As Jesus entered Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover, he was accompanied by a large crowd that was made up of two groups.  When we observe the record made by the writers of the other three gospels (Matt 21, Mark 11, Luke 19), we find that one group were those Jews who had made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to observe the Passover.  Travel was difficult in the first century, so typically, most of the people who came would have originated from the nearby region, including Capernaum where Jesus spent the large part of his three-year ministry.  These would have previously heard of Jesus, and many would respond positively to the knowledge of his presence among them.  The larger group that honored Jesus at the gate, however, was that which came with him from Bethany, the group that had either witnessed the raising of Lazarus, or those who joined shortly thereafter.  Consequently, the praise that was afforded to Jesus did not start at the gates of Jerusalem, but rather at the grave of Lazarus.  One can envision the town of Bethany emptying out to accompany Jesus and Lazarus to the City of Jerusalem.  Nothing like this had ever occurred before, and the leaders of the City were well-aware of this dangerous situation.

Jesus’ previous entrances to Jerusalem were wither quiet or almost secretive because, as we find in previous chapters, Jesus’ time had not yet come.  However, in Bethany Jesus stated that it was now His time, so there was no such need for secrecy.  However, the riotous nature of the crowd’s response at this point adds a new factor to the equation:  the power of the Roman leadership.  Rome was successful in holding many lands far from Rome due to the governmental structure that was in place.  Local communities were allowed to rule themselves under Roman supervision as long as the taxes were paid to Rome and the people were kept under control.   The presence of so many Jews in Jerusalem during the Passover had been considered dangerous without this new controversy.  Because of this, all of the local Roman leadership was in the city during the Passover, and the Roman guards were on alert for any problems.  Therefore, when this crowd entered Jerusalem with a controversial message, the the King of Israel (Psalm 118:25-26), or the “King of the Jews” is entering, the leadership that was responsible to Rome saw their future to be bleak indeed.  The chant made by the people was clearly a call for the Messiah.  They were shouting, “Hosanna”, which means literally, “Save us!”  In order to keep their positions, the Jerusalem leadership, both Jew and Roman, had to keep the peace, and now a crowd was advocating a new King over Herod.  This situation was exceedingly dangerous.

John 12:14-19.

And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, 15Fear not, daughter of Zion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt. 16These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him. 17The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. 18For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle. 19The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.

The synoptic gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke provide more details concerning the procurement and use of the donkey upon which Jesus rode into Jerusalem.  First, this form of entry fulfilled the prophesy of  Zechariah 9:9.  A king who would come to power would enter the gates on a horse, a “mighty steed,” and would be surrounded by his army.  Though we can see parallels in this entry, the steed was a simple donkey, and because of its youth, a small one at that.  The donkey was used by the poorest people, and a horse by the richest.  Jesus’ entrance on a donkey is an illustration of his humble roots, and also serves to dissuade any thought that His entrance is one that is militant in nature.  Jesus’ army is not bent on overtaking Jerusalem, it is simply focused on the person of Jesus as their Lord, and their King.  Jesus attained that position with the people, not from military junta, but by winning their hearts with his love and caring nature.  This was not the type of King that was expected by the Jews.  Still, however, this did not lessen the danger that the crowd presented to the religious leaders.  For three years they had observed the growth of Jesus’ following, and their inability to thwart it.  Verse 19 shows how they felt that in spite of all of their desires to stop this movement, and against all of their efforts to take action against it, they had gained nothing.  In their view they can see that the entire community, the “world,” is going to follow Jesus, and their future is about to radically change, and in their opinion, it is certainly not for the better.

Even as all of these events were transpiring, the disciples were so caught up in them that they did not quite realize the significance of them at the time.  Those who were most focused on the details of this event were those who witnessed the raising of Lazarus, and they kept a detailed record of these events.  It would be from this record that the disciples and others would later realize that they had witness the fulfillment of prophesy.  At the time, the disciples lacked the spiritual discernment that they would attain after Pentecost when the record of all of these events would come together in their memory to validate even more the nature, calling, and purpose of Jesus, the Christ, the Messiah.  Through that record, their confidence and faith would be affirmed all the more.

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